Moscow Russia History
The Volga, which flows through central Russia to the Caspian Sea, drains most of western Russia and is the longest river on the European continent. Russia's highway network remains largely centralized in the West, and the Trans-Siberian Railway, completed in 1881 to connect Moscow and its eastern foothills with Vladivostok, remains Russia's most important transportation link.
The latter is most overshadowed by the city of Vladivostok, the capital of Russia's easternmost region and the largest city in the country with a population of about 1.5 million. The largest number of people in Russia, about 2.4 million, live in Moscow, which is located on the banks of the Volga, an important waterway between Russia and Europe.
Throughout its history, the city has been both the capital of Russia and a city - state, republic and state. Russia's territory includes Moscow and surrounding cities and states such as Vladivostok, Krasnoyarsk, Rostov-on-Don and St. Petersburg. The Moscow Kremlin is one of the most important buildings in Russia and its capital. During this time, Moscow became relatively strong and began to compete with surrounding cities - states in terms of economic and political power.
On March 18, Putin signed a treaty that said Russia had annexed Crimea to reclaim territory that had belonged to Russia since 1783, when Tsarina Catherine II took the region from the Ottoman Empire and transferred it to Ukraine. In particular, Russia sought the return of Crimea, an area annexed by the Russian Empire in the eighteenth century and an autonomous Soviet socialist republic until the 1950 "s, when it was transferred to Ukraine by Nikita Khrushchev in 1954.
The Russian principality fell under the yoke of the Golden Lord, Moscow became the victim of a Mongolian invasion in 1238, and Kiev was destroyed by the Mongols in the 1240s. The Russian territory was divided into numerous small principalities, and in 1462 Ivan III became Grand Duke of Moscow. He rejected the Tatar yokes, collected the surrounding lands and consolidated political power in Moscow. The Romanov dynasty was able to rule Russia until the Russian Revolution put an end to the tsarist state.
Thus the Congress decided to transfer Petrograd to Moscow, which at the time of the change of government was the capital of the second largest city in Russia and the seat of government of all the principalities of the Russian Empire. Moscow lost its place to Peter the Great, who built a new capital, St. Petersburg, out of nothing. When this capital was officially transferred to St. Petersburg, Moscow reserved the tasks of capital as long as it remained under the control of its Grand Duke Ivan III.
Moscow was the seat of the Russian government, as it was a medieval city and fortress that is now the residence of a Russian president. Moscow was an important city in the Russian Empire and the capital of all principalities in Russia. It was home to many important political and military institutions, including the Kremlin, the State Duma, and even the Supreme Court.
The Kremlin played a ceremonial role until the early 18th century, when the capital of Russia was moved to St. Petersburg. Since then, however, Moscow has become more stable and a growing economic and political center in Russia. In 1712, it was replaced by St Petersburg as the capital of all Russia, but Moscow's ambitions quickly disappeared.
Moscow is Russia's second largest city after St. Petersburg and the third largest in the world. It is home to the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow State University, Moscow University of Science and Technology, the largest university in Russia, and the Kremlin.
Moscow is located in Moscow, Russia's easternmost region, and covers an area of 1.5 million square kilometres.
First mentioned as a small town in the mid-12th century, Moscow survived repeated attacks, including famine, plague, fire and siege, and became the capital of the Russian Empire. Moscow was largely destroyed by the invasion of the Mongols in 1237, but rebuilt and later became the regional capital under the rule of its captives. It opened a trade route from the Oka to the Volga and became the dominant city and symbol of the Russian population in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. There are a large number of monuments in Moscow, such as the Moscow Cathedral, Basil's Cathedral and the Kremlin.
Moreover, Moscow has long been a loyal ally of the ruling Mongolian Empire and has a long history of cooperation with its neighbors, such as the Russian Empire. Moscow enjoyed its elevated status and importance in Russia and became the capital of a vast empire. During the reign of Vladimir the Great, who ruled Russia from the 12th to the 13th centuries, everything went well for Moscow.
The history of Moscow's relations with its neighbors and the rest of the world during this period has been complicated and often dramatic.